Journal cover Journal topic
The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 4.790 IF 4.790
  • IF 5-year value: 5.921 IF 5-year
    5.921
  • CiteScore value: 5.27 CiteScore
    5.27
  • SNIP value: 1.551 SNIP 1.551
  • IPP value: 5.08 IPP 5.08
  • SJR value: 3.016 SJR 3.016
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 63 Scimago H
    index 63
  • h5-index value: 51 h5-index 51
Volume 10, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 10, 2291–2315, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2291-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in...

The Cryosphere, 10, 2291–2315, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2291-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 30 Sep 2016

Research article | 30 Sep 2016

Effects of bryophyte and lichen cover on permafrost soil temperature at large scale

Philipp Porada et al.
Related authors  
Global NO and HONO emissions of biological soil crusts estimated by a process-based non-vascular vegetation model
Philipp Porada, Alexandra Tamm, Jose Raggio, Yafang Cheng, Axel Kleidon, Ulrich Pöschl, and Bettina Weber
Biogeosciences, 16, 2003–2031, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2003-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2003-2019, 2019
Short summary
Reviews and syntheses: Carbon use efficiency from organisms to ecosystems – definitions, theories, and empirical evidence
Stefano Manzoni, Petr Čapek, Philipp Porada, Martin Thurner, Mattias Winterdahl, Christian Beer, Volker Brüchert, Jan Frouz, Anke M. Herrmann, Björn D. Lindahl, Steve W. Lyon, Hana Šantrůčková, Giulia Vico, and Danielle Way
Biogeosciences, 15, 5929–5949, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5929-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5929-2018, 2018
Short summary
Effects of short-term variability of meteorological variables on soil temperature in permafrost regions
Christian Beer, Philipp Porada, Altug Ekici, and Matthias Brakebusch
The Cryosphere, 12, 741–757, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-741-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-741-2018, 2018
Short summary
Carbon stocks and fluxes in the high latitudes: using site-level data to evaluate Earth system models
Sarah E. Chadburn, Gerhard Krinner, Philipp Porada, Annett Bartsch, Christian Beer, Luca Belelli Marchesini, Julia Boike, Altug Ekici, Bo Elberling, Thomas Friborg, Gustaf Hugelius, Margareta Johansson, Peter Kuhry, Lars Kutzbach, Moritz Langer, Magnus Lund, Frans-Jan W. Parmentier, Shushi Peng, Ko Van Huissteden, Tao Wang, Sebastian Westermann, Dan Zhu, and Eleanor J. Burke
Biogeosciences, 14, 5143–5169, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-5143-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-5143-2017, 2017
Short summary
Estimating global nitrous oxide emissions by lichens and bryophytes with a process-based productivity model
Philipp Porada, Ulrich Pöschl, Axel Kleidon, Christian Beer, and Bettina Weber
Biogeosciences, 14, 1593–1602, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-1593-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-1593-2017, 2017
Short summary
Related subject area  
Numerical Modelling
Micromechanical modeling of snow failure
Grégoire Bobillier, Bastian Bergfeld, Achille Capelli, Jürg Dual, Johan Gaume, Alec van Herwijnen, and Jürg Schweizer
The Cryosphere, 14, 39–49, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-39-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-39-2020, 2020
Changing characteristics of runoff and freshwater export from watersheds draining northern Alaska
Michael A. Rawlins, Lei Cai, Svetlana L. Stuefer, and Dmitry Nicolsky
The Cryosphere, 13, 3337–3352, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3337-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3337-2019, 2019
Short summary
Initialization of a global glacier model based on present-day glacier geometry and past climate information: an ensemble approach
Julia Eis, Fabien Maussion, and Ben Marzeion
The Cryosphere, 13, 3317–3335, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3317-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3317-2019, 2019
Short summary
Simulated retreat of Jakobshavn Isbræ during the 21st century
Xiaoran Guo, Liyun Zhao, Rupert M. Gladstone, Sainan Sun, and John C. Moore
The Cryosphere, 13, 3139–3153, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3139-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3139-2019, 2019
Wave energy attenuation in fields of colliding ice floes – Part 1: Discrete-element modelling of dissipation due to ice–water drag
Agnieszka Herman, Sukun Cheng, and Hayley H. Shen
The Cryosphere, 13, 2887–2900, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2887-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2887-2019, 2019
Short summary
Cited articles  
Atchley, A., Coon, E., Painter, S., Harp, D., and Wilson, C.: Influences and interactions of inundation, peat, and snow on active layer thickness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 5116–5123, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068550, 2016.
Bauer, I., Bhatti, J., Swanston, C., Wieder, R., and Preston, C.: Organic Matter Accumulation and Community Change at the Peatland–Upland Interface: Inferences from 14C and 210Pb Dated Profiles, Ecosystems, 12, 636–653, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-009-9248-2, 2009.
Beer, C., Lucht, W., Schmullius, C., and Shvidenko, A.: Small net carbon dioxide uptake by Russian forests during 1981–1999, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L15403, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026919, 2006.
Beer, C., Fedorov, A., and Torgovkin, Y.: Permafrost temperature and active-layer thickness of Yakutia with 0.5-degree spatial resolution for model evaluation, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 305–310, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-5-305-2013, 2013.
Beer, C., Weber, U., Tomelleri, E., Carvalhais, N., Mahecha, M., and Reichstein, M.: Harmonized European Long-Term Climate Data for Assessing the Effect of Changing Temporal Variability on Land–Atmosphere CO2 Fluxes, J. Climate, 27, 4815–4834, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00543.1, 2014.
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
Bryophyte and lichen cover on the forest floor at high latitudes insulates the ground and thus decreases soil temperature. This can protect permafrost soil, stabilising it against global warming. To quantify the insulating effect, we integrate a novel, process-based model of bryophyte and lichen growth into the global land surface model JSBACH. We find an average cooling effect of the bryophyte and lichen cover of 2.7 K, which implies a significant impact on soil temperature at high latitudes.
Bryophyte and lichen cover on the forest floor at high latitudes insulates the ground and thus...
Citation