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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 10, 2731–2744, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2731-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 10, 2731–2744, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2731-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 16 Nov 2016

Research article | 16 Nov 2016

Simulating ice layer formation under the presence of preferential flow in layered snowpacks

Nander Wever et al.
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Short summary
The study presents a dual domain approach to simulate liquid water flow in snow using the 1-D physics based snow cover model SNOWPACK. In this approach, the pore space is separated into a part for matrix flow and a part that represents preferential flow. Using this approach, water can percolate sub-freezing snow and form dense (ice) layers. A comparison with snow pits shows that some of the observed ice layers were reproduced by the model while others remain challenging to simulate.
The study presents a dual domain approach to simulate liquid water flow in snow using the 1-D...
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