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Volume 10, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 10, 2831–2845, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2831-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 10, 2831–2845, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2831-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 21 Nov 2016

Research article | 21 Nov 2016

Relationships between snowfall density and solid hydrometeors, based on measured size and fall speed, for snowpack modeling applications

Masaaki Ishizaka et al.

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Cited articles

Bakkehøi, S., Ølien, K., and Førland, E. J.: An automatic precipitation gauge based on vibrating-wire strain gauges, Nord. Hydrol., 16, 193–202, 1985.
Brandes, E. A., Ikeda, K., Zhang, G., Schönhuber, M., and Rasmussen, R.: A statistical and physical description of hydrometeor distributions in Colorado snowstorms using a video disdrometer, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 46, 634–650, https://doi.org/10.1175/JAM2489.1, 2007.
Carmagnola, C. M., Morin, M., Lafaysse, M., Domine, F., Lesaffre, B., Lejeune, Y., Picard, G., and Anaud, L.: Implementation and evaluation of prognostic representations of the optical diameter of snow in the SURFEX/ISBA-Crocus detailed snowpack model, The Cryosphere, 8, 417–437, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-8-417-2014, 2014.
Colle, B. A., Stark, D., and Yuter, S. E.: Surface microphysical observations within east coast winter storms on Long Island, New York, Mon. Weather Rev., 142, 3126–3146, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00035.1, 2014.
Endo, Y., Ozeki, Y., and Niwano, S.: Relation between compressive viscosity and density of low-density snow, Seppyo, 52, 267–274, https://doi.org/10.5331/seppyo.52.267, 1990.
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Short summary
We measured the snowfall densities with a CCD camera, simultaneously observing the predominant snowfall types determined by the measured size and the fall speed. With a CCD camera, we obtain the quantitative relationships between snowfall densities and presumed density derived from the size and mass components. This suggests the possibility of estimating snowfall densities from the measured size and the fall speed data, and using them as the initial densities for a snowpack in a numerical model.
We measured the snowfall densities with a CCD camera, simultaneously observing the predominant...
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