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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 11, 1333–1350, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-1333-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Climate–carbon–cryosphere interactions in the...

The Cryosphere, 11, 1333–1350, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-1333-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Jun 2017

Research article | 09 Jun 2017

Sonar gas flux estimation by bubble insonification: application to methane bubble flux from seep areas in the outer Laptev Sea

Ira Leifer et al.
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Anna Wenzel on behalf of the Authors (26 Jan 2017)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (Editor review) (04 Feb 2017) by Nina Kirchner
AR by Ira Leifer on behalf of the Authors (06 Feb 2017)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (06 Feb 2017) by Nina Kirchner
Publications Copernicus
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Short summary
Vast Arctic methane deposits may alter global climate and require remote sensing (RS) to map. Sonar has great promise, but quantitative inversion based on theory is challenged by multiple bubble acoustical scattering in plumes. We demonstrate use of a real-world in situ bubble plume calibration using a bubble model to correct for differences in the calibration and seep plumes. Spatial seep sonar maps were then used to improve understanding of subsurface geologic controls.
Vast Arctic methane deposits may alter global climate and require remote sensing (RS) to map....
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