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Volume 11, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 11, 1333–1350, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-1333-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Climate–carbon–cryosphere interactions in the...

The Cryosphere, 11, 1333–1350, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-1333-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Jun 2017

Research article | 09 Jun 2017

Sonar gas flux estimation by bubble insonification: application to methane bubble flux from seep areas in the outer Laptev Sea

Ira Leifer et al.
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Cited articles  
Archer, D. and Buffett, B.: Time-dependent response of the global ocean clathrate reservoir to climatic and anthropogenic forcing, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 6, Q03002, https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GC000854, 2005.
Bauch, H. A., Mueller-Lupp, T., Taldenkova, E., Spielhagen, R. F., Kassens, H., Grootes, P. M., Thiede, J., Heinemeier, J., and Petryashov, V. V.: Chronology of the Holocene transgression at the North Siberian margin, Global Planet. Change, 31, 125–139, 2001.
Biastoch, A., Treude, T., Rupke, L. H., Riebesell, U., Roth, C., Burwicz, E. B., Park, W., Latif, M., Boning, C. w., Madec, G., and Wallman, K.: Rising Arctic Ocean temperatures cause gas hydrate destabilization and ocean acidification, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L08602, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL047222, 2011.
Clark, J. F., Washburn, L., Hornafius, J. S., and Luyendyk, B. P.: Dissolved hydrocarbon flux from natural marine seeps to the southern California Bight, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 11509–11522, https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JC000259, 2000.
Clark, J. F., Schwager, K., and Washburn, L.: Variability of gas composition and flux intensity in natural marine hydrocarbon seeps, New Energy Development and Technology (EDT) Working Paper 008, UCEI, 15 pp., 2005.
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Short summary
Vast Arctic methane deposits may alter global climate and require remote sensing (RS) to map. Sonar has great promise, but quantitative inversion based on theory is challenged by multiple bubble acoustical scattering in plumes. We demonstrate use of a real-world in situ bubble plume calibration using a bubble model to correct for differences in the calibration and seep plumes. Spatial seep sonar maps were then used to improve understanding of subsurface geologic controls.
Vast Arctic methane deposits may alter global climate and require remote sensing (RS) to map....
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