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Volume 11, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 11, 2943–2955, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-2943-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 11, 2943–2955, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-2943-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 14 Dec 2017

Research article | 14 Dec 2017

In situ nuclear magnetic resonance response of permafrost and active layer soil in boreal and tundra ecosystems

M. Andy Kass et al.
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Cited articles  
Akagawa, S. and Syouji, H.: Relation between T2 of pulse NMR and unfrozen water thickness, in: Proceedings of Hokkaido Branch of Japanese Geotechnical Society, Sapporo, Japan, 75–78, 2004 (in Japanese).
Anderson, D.: Ice nucleation and the substrate-ice interface, Nature, 216, 563–566, https://doi.org/10.1038/216563a0, 1967.
Behroozmand, A. A., Keating, K., and Auken, E.: A Review of the Principles and Applications of the NMR Technique for Near-Surface Characterization, Surv. Geophys., 36, 27–85, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-014-9304-0, 2015.
Blunt, M. et al.: A1 synthetic silica μCT image, imperial College Consortium on Pore-scale Modelling, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1189255.v1, 2014.
Brown, J., Jorgenson, M., Smith, O., and Lee, W.: Long-term rates of coastal erosion and carbon input, Elson Lagoon, Barrow, Alaska, in: Eighth International Conference on Permafrost, Balkema Publishers, Zurich, Switzerland, 101–106, 2003.
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Geophysical methods have wide applications to permafrost studies. We show that borehole nuclear magnetic resonance is a valuable geophysical tool to rapidly characterize the liquid water content and unfrozen pore space in warm permafrost through simulation and field study. This technique is also sensitive to the ice nucleation process in situ. This method, which is applicable in a variety of soil types, can be used for single observations or for time-lapse monitoring of permafrost changes.
Geophysical methods have wide applications to permafrost studies. We show that borehole nuclear...
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