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Volume 11, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 11, 989-996, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-989-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 11, 989-996, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-989-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 20 Apr 2017

Research article | 20 Apr 2017

Process-level model evaluation: a snow and heat transfer metric

Andrew G. Slater et al.
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Anisimov, O. A., Lobanov, V. A., Reneva, S. A., Shiklomanov, N. I., Zhang, T., and Nelson, F. E.: Uncertainties in gridded air temperature fields and effects on predictive active layer modeling, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth Surf., 112, F02S14, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JF000593, 2007.
Best, M. J., Pryor, M., Clark, D. B., Rooney, G. G., Essery, R. L. H., Ménard, C. B., Edwards, J. M., Hendry, M. A., Porson, A., Gedney, N., Mercado, L. M., Sitch, S., Blyth, E., Boucher, O., Cox, P. M., Grimmond, C. S. B., and Harding, R. J.: The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 1: Energy and water fluxes, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 677–699, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-4-677-2011, 2011.
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Chadburn, S. E., Burke, E. J., Essery, R. L. H., Boike, J., Langer, M., Heikenfeld, M., Cox, P. M., and Friedlingstein, P.: Impact of model developments on present and future simulations of permafrost in a global land-surface model, The Cryosphere, 9, 1505–1521, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-1505-2015, 2015.
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This work defines a metric for evaluation of a specific model snow process, namely, heat transfer through snow into soil. Heat transfer through snow regulates the difference in air temperature versus soil temperature. Accurate representation of the snow heat transfer process is critically important for accurate representation of the current and future state of permafrost. Utilizing this metric, we can clearly identify models that can and cannot reasonably represent snow heat transfer.
This work defines a metric for evaluation of a specific model snow process, namely, heat...
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