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Volume 12, issue 4
The Cryosphere, 12, 1157–1176, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1157-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 12, 1157–1176, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1157-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 04 Apr 2018

Research article | 04 Apr 2018

Canadian snow and sea ice: historical trends and projections

Lawrence R. Mudryk et al.
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Cited articles  
Agnew, T. and Howell, S.: The use of operational ice charts for evaluating passive microwave ice concentration data, Atmos.-Ocean, 41, 317–331, https://doi.org/10.3137/ao.410405, 2003.
Archambault, M., Audet, A., and Morin, J.: The 2002–2003 Economic Analysis of the Québec Ski Industry, Association of Québec Ski Areas, Anjou, Québec, 2003.
Arora, V. K., Scinocca, J. F., Boer, G. J., Christian, J. R., Denman, K. L., Flato, G. M., Kharin, V. V., Lee, W. G., and Merryfield, W. J.: Carbon emission limits required to satisfy future representative concentration pathways of greenhouse gases, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, 3–8, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL046270, 2011.
Babb, D. G., Galley, R. J., Barber, D. G., and Rysgaard, S.: Physical processes contributing to an ice free Beaufort Sea during September 2012, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 267–283, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010756, 2016.
Barnes, E.: Revisiting the evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in midlatitudes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4734–4739, https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50880, 2013.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
This paper presents changes in both snow and sea ice that have occurred over Canada during the recent past and shows climate model estimates for future changes expected to occur by the year 2050. The historical changes of snow and sea ice are generally coherent and consistent with the regional history of temperature and precipitation changes. It is expected that snow and sea ice will continue to decrease in the future, declining by an additional 15–30 % from present day values by the year 2050.
This paper presents changes in both snow and sea ice that have occurred over Canada during the...
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