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TC | Volume 12, issue 10
The Cryosphere, 12, 3287–3292, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3287-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 12, 3287–3292, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3287-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Brief communication 16 Oct 2018

Brief communication | 16 Oct 2018

Brief communication: Recent changes in summer Greenland blocking captured by none of the CMIP5 models

Edward Hanna et al.
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Belleflamme, A., Fettweis, X., Lang, C., and Erpicum, M.: Current and future atmospheric circulation at 500 hPa over Greenland simulated by the CMIP3 and CMIP5 global models, Clim. Dynam., 41, 2061–2080, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1538-2, 2013. a
Belleflamme, A., Fettweis, X., and Erpicum, M.: Recent summer Arctic atmospheric circulation anomalies in a historical perspective, The Cryosphere, 9, 53–64, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-53-2015, 2015. a
Compo, G. P., Whitaker, J. S., Sardeshmukh, P. D., Matsui, N., Allan, R. J., Yin, X., Gleason, B. E., Vose, R. S., Rutledge, G., Bessemoulin, P., Brönnimann, S., Brunet, M., Crouthamel, R. I., Grant, A. N., Groisman, P. Y., Jones, P. D., Kruk, M., Kruger, A. C., Marshall, G. J., Maugeri, M., Mok, H. Y., Nordli, Ø., Ross, T. F., Trigo, R. M., Wang, X. L., Woodruff, S. D., and Worley, S. J.: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 1–28, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.776, 2011. a
Davini, P. and Cagnazzo, C.: On the misinterpretation of the North Atlantic Oscillation in CMIP5 models, Clim. Dynam., 43, 1497–1511, 2014. a
Davini, P. and D'Andrea, F.: Northern hemisphere atmospheric blocking representation in global climate models: twenty years of improvements?, J. Climate, 29, 8823–8840, 2016. a, b
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Short summary
The latest/recent generations of global climate models do not simulate the recent (last 30 years) increase in atmospheric high pressure over Greenland in summer but rather projects decreasing pressure. This difference between climate models and observations raises serious questions about the ability of the models to accurately represent future changes in Greenland climate and ice-sheet mass balance. There are also likely effects on climate predictions downstream, e.g. over Europe.
The latest/recent generations of global climate models do not simulate the recent (last 30...
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