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TC | Volume 13, issue 4
The Cryosphere, 13, 1233–1246, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-1233-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 13, 1233–1246, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-1233-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 15 Apr 2019

Research article | 15 Apr 2019

A key factor initiating surface ablation of Arctic sea ice: earlier and increasing liquid precipitation

Tingfeng Dou et al.
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Cited articles  
Alt, B. T.: Developing synoptic analogs for extreme mass balance conditions on Queen Elizabeth Island ice caps, J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 26, 1605–1623, 1987. 
Bintanja, R. and Andry, O.: Towards a rain-dominated Arctic, Nat. Clim. Change., 7, 263–267, 2017. 
Blazey, B. A., Holland, M. M., and Hunke, E. C.: Arctic Ocean sea ice snow depth evaluation and bias sensitivity in CCSM, The Cryosphere, 7, 1887–1900, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-7-1887-2013, 2013. 
Comiso, J. C. and Nishio, F.: Trends in the sea ice cover using enhanced and compatible AMSR-E, SSM/I, and SMMR data, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C02S07, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004257, 2008. 
Dingman, S. L.: Physical hydrology, 3rd edition, Waveland Press, Inc. 223–226, 2015. 
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Short summary
The variability and potential trends of rain-on-snow events over Arctic sea ice and their role in sea-ice losses are poorly understood. This study demonstrates that rain-on-snow events are a critical factor in initiating the onset of surface melt over Arctic sea ice, and onset of spring rainfall over sea ice has shifted to earlier dates since the 1970s, which may have profound impacts on ice melt through feedbacks involving earlier onset of surface melt.
The variability and potential trends of rain-on-snow events over Arctic sea ice and their role...
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