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TC | Volume 13, issue 8
The Cryosphere, 13, 2111–2131, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2111-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 13, 2111–2131, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2111-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 14 Aug 2019

Research article | 14 Aug 2019

Arctic freshwater fluxes: sources, tracer budgets and inconsistencies

Alexander Forryan et al.

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Cited articles

Aagaard, K. and Carmack, E. C.: The role of sea ice and other fresh water in the Arctic circulation, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 94, 14485–14498, 1989. a, b
Abrahamsen, E. P., Meredith, M. P., Falkner, K. K., Torres-Valdes, S., Leng, M. J., Alkire, M. B., Bacon, S., Laxon, S. W., Polyakov, I., and Ivanov, V.: Tracer-derived freshwater composition of the Siberian continental shelf and slope following the extreme Arctic summer of 2007, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L07602, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL037341, 2009. a
Aksenov, Y., Bacon, S., Coward, A. C., and Holliday, N. P.: Polar outflow from the Arctic Ocean: A high resolution model study, J. Marine Syst., 83, 14–37, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2010.06.007, 2010. a
Aleksandrov, Y. I., Bryazgin, N. N., Førland, E. J., Radionov, V. F., and Svyashchennikov, P. N.: Seasonal, interannual and long-term variability of precipitation and snow depth in the region of the Barents and Kara seas, Polar Res., 24, 69–85, https://doi.org/10.3402/polar.v24i1.6254, 2005. a
Alkire, M. B., Morison, J., and Andersen, R.: Variability in the meteoric water, sea-ice melt, and Pacific water contributions to the central Arctic Ocean, 2000-2014, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 120, 1573–1598, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010023, 2015. a
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We compare control volume and geochemical tracer-based methods of estimating the Arctic Ocean freshwater budget and find both methods in good agreement. Inconsistencies arise from the distinction between Atlantic and Pacific waters in the geochemical calculations. The definition of Pacific waters is particularly problematic due to the non-conservative nature of the nutrients underpinning the definition and the low salinity characterizing waters entering the Arctic through Bering Strait.
We compare control volume and geochemical tracer-based methods of estimating the Arctic Ocean...
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