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TC | Volume 13, issue 10
The Cryosphere, 13, 2751–2769, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2751-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 13, 2751–2769, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2751-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 18 Oct 2019

Research article | 18 Oct 2019

Laboratory study of the properties of frazil ice particles and flocs in water of different salinities

Christopher C. Schneck et al.
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Cited articles  
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Beltaos, S.: River Ice Formation, 1st Edn., Committee on River Ice Processes and the Environment, Edmonton, AB, 2013. 
Brescia, F., Arents, J., Herbert, M., Turk, A., and Weiner, E.: Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies, 3rd Edn., Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1975. 
Cavalieri, D. J. and Martin, S.: The contribution of Alaskan, Siberian, and Canadian coastal polynyas to the cold halocline layer of the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 18343–18362, 1994. 
Chanona, M., Waterman, S., and Gratton, Y.: Variability of internal wave-driven mixing and stratification in Canadian Arctic shelf and shelf-slope waters, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 123, 9178–9195, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014342, 2018. 
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Properties of suspended frazil ice and flocs in water of different salinities were measured in the lab using high-resolution images. It was found that freshwater frazil particles and flocs were larger than in saline water by ~13 % and 75 %, respectively. Both the growth rate of particles and the porosity of flocs decreased with salinity and ranged between 0.174 and 0.024 mm min−1 and 86 % and 75 % for freshwater and 35 ‰ saline water, respectively.
Properties of suspended frazil ice and flocs in water of different salinities were measured in...
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