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TC | Volume 13, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 13, 775-793, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-775-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 13, 775-793, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-775-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 05 Mar 2019

Research article | 05 Mar 2019

Physical and optical characteristics of heavily melted “rotten” Arctic sea ice

Carie M. Frantz et al.
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Cited articles  
Cox, G. F. N. and Weeks, W. F.: Equations for determining the gas and brine volumes in sea-ice samples, J. Glaciol, 29, 1983. 
Barber, D. G., Galley, R., Asplin, M. G., De Abreu, R., Warner, K.-A., Pućko, M., Gupta, M., Prinsenberg, S., and Julien, S.: Perennial pack ice in the southern Beaufort Sea was not as it appeared in the summer of 2009, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L24501, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL041434, 2009. 
Crabeck, O., Galley, R., Delille, B., Else, B., Geilfus, N.-X., Lemes, M., Des Roches, M., Francus, P., Tison, J.-L., and Rysgaard, S.: Imaging air volume fraction in sea ice using non-destructive X-ray tomography, The Cryosphere, 10, 1125–1145, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-1125-2016, 2016. 
De Abreu, R., Yackel, J., Barber, D., and Arkett, M.: Operational Satellite Sensing of Arctic First-Year Sea Ice Melt, Can. J. Remote Sens., 27, 487–501, https://doi.org/10.1080/07038992.2001.10854889, 2001. 
Eicken, H.: Automated ice mass balance site (SIZONET), Arctic Data Center, https://doi.org/10.18739/A2D08X, 2016. 
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This paper provides a characterization of the physical and optical properties of "rotten" Arctic sea ice collected in two field seasons from off the coast of Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow), Alaska. Rotten ice is physically and optically distinct when compared to ice from earlier in the melt season. It is marked by large connected pores, has lost most of its brine content, and scatters more light. This fragile, permeable ice type may become increasingly important in a warming Arctic.
This paper provides a characterization of the physical and optical properties of "rotten" Arctic...
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