Journal cover Journal topic
The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
The Cryosphere, 3, 195-203, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
25 Aug 2009
Layer disturbances and the radio-echo free zone in ice sheets
R. Drews1, O. Eisen1,2, I. Weikusat1, S. Kipfstuhl1, A. Lambrecht1,*, D. Steinhage1, F. Wilhelms1, and H. Miller1 1Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany
2Institut für Umweltphysik, Heidelberg, Germany
*now at: DMT GmbH & Co. KG, Am Technologiepark 1, 45307 Essen, Germany
Abstract. Radio-echo sounding of the Antarctic and Greenlandic ice sheets often reveals a layer in the lowest hundreds of meters above bedrock more or less free of radio echoes, known as the echo-free zone (EFZ). The cause of this feature is unclear, so far lacking direct evidence for its origin. We compare echoes around the EPICA drill site in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, with the dielectric properties, crystal orientation fabrics and optical stratigraphy of the EPICA-DML ice core. We find that echoes disappear in the depth range where the dielectric contrast is blurred, and where the coherency of the layers in the ice core is lost due to disturbances caused by the ice flow. At the drill site, the EFZ onset at ~2100 m marks a boundary, below which the ice core may have experienced flow induced disturbances on various scales. The onset may indicate changing rheology which needs to be accounted for in the modeling of ice sheet dynamics.

Citation: Drews, R., Eisen, O., Weikusat, I., Kipfstuhl, S., Lambrecht, A., Steinhage, D., Wilhelms, F., and Miller, H.: Layer disturbances and the radio-echo free zone in ice sheets, The Cryosphere, 3, 195-203,, 2009.
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