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Volume 7, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 7, 499-510, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-7-499-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Ice2sea – estimating the future contribution of continental...

The Cryosphere, 7, 499-510, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-7-499-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 22 Mar 2013

Research article | 22 Mar 2013

A new bed elevation dataset for Greenland

J. L. Bamber1, J. A. Griggs1, R. T. W. L. Hurkmans1, J. A. Dowdeswell2, S. P. Gogineni3, I. Howat4,5, J. Mouginot6, J. Paden3, S. Palmer2, E. Rignot6,7, and D. Steinhage8 J. L. Bamber et al.
  • 1Bristol Glaciology Centre, School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
  • 2University of Cambridge, Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge UK
  • 3University of Kansas, Center for Remote Sensing Ice Sheets, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
  • 4Ohio State University, School of Earth Sciences, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  • 5Ohio State University, Byrd Polar Research Center, Columbus, Ohio USA
  • 6University of California Irvine, Department of Earth System Sciences, Irvine, California, USA
  • 7Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, USA
  • 8Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Abstract. We present a new bed elevation dataset for Greenland derived from a combination of multiple airborne ice thickness surveys undertaken between the 1970s and 2012. Around 420 000 line kilometres of airborne data were used, with roughly 70% of this having been collected since the year 2000, when the last comprehensive compilation was undertaken. The airborne data were combined with satellite-derived elevations for non-glaciated terrain to produce a consistent bed digital elevation model (DEM) over the entire island including across the glaciated–ice free boundary. The DEM was extended to the continental margin with the aid of bathymetric data, primarily from a compilation for the Arctic. Ice thickness was determined where an ice shelf exists from a combination of surface elevation and radar soundings. The across-track spacing between flight lines warranted interpolation at 1 km postings for significant sectors of the ice sheet. Grids of ice surface elevation, error estimates for the DEM, ice thickness and data sampling density were also produced alongside a mask of land/ocean/grounded ice/floating ice. Errors in bed elevation range from a minimum of ±10 m to about ±300 m, as a function of distance from an observation and local topographic variability. A comparison with the compilation published in 2001 highlights the improvement in resolution afforded by the new datasets, particularly along the ice sheet margin, where ice velocity is highest and changes in ice dynamics most marked. We estimate that the volume of ice included in our land-ice mask would raise mean sea level by 7.36 m, excluding any solid earth effects that would take place during ice sheet decay.

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