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Volume 9, issue 4
The Cryosphere, 9, 1735-1745, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-1735-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 9, 1735-1745, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-1735-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 31 Aug 2015

Research article | 31 Aug 2015

Improving Arctic sea ice edge forecasts by assimilating high horizontal resolution sea ice concentration data into the US Navy's ice forecast systems

P. G. Posey1, E. J. Metzger1, A. J. Wallcraft1, D. A. Hebert1, R. A. Allard1, O. M. Smedstad2, M. W. Phelps3, F. Fetterer4, J. S. Stewart5, W. N. Meier6, and S. R. Helfrich7 P. G. Posey et al.
  • 1Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, MS, USA
  • 2Vencore Services and Solutions, Inc., Stennis Space Center, MS, USA
  • 3Jacobs Technology Inc., Stennis Space Center, MS, USA
  • 4National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 5J. Scott Stewart of Exploratory Thinking, Longmont, CO, USA
  • 6NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
  • 7US National Ice Center, Suitland, MD, USA

Abstract. This study presents the improvement in ice edge error within the US Navy's operational sea ice forecast systems gained by assimilating high horizontal resolution satellite-derived ice concentration products. Since the late 1980's, the ice forecast systems have assimilated near real-time sea ice concentration derived from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSMI and then SSMIS). The resolution of the satellite-derived product was approximately the same as the previous operational ice forecast system (25 km). As the sea ice forecast model resolution increased over time, the need for higher horizontal resolution observational data grew. In 2013, a new Navy sea ice forecast system (Arctic Cap Nowcast/Forecast System – ACNFS) went into operations with a horizontal resolution of ~ 3.5 km at the North Pole. A method of blending ice concentration observations from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR2) along with a sea ice mask produced by the National Ice Center (NIC) has been developed, resulting in an ice concentration product with very high spatial resolution. In this study, ACNFS was initialized with this newly developed high resolution blended ice concentration product. The daily ice edge locations from model hindcast simulations were compared against independent observed ice edge locations. ACNFS initialized using the high resolution blended ice concentration data product decreased predicted ice edge location error compared to the operational system that only assimilated SSMIS data. A second evaluation assimilating the new blended sea ice concentration product into the pre-operational Navy Global Ocean Forecast System 3.1 also showed a substantial improvement in ice edge location over a system using the SSMIS sea ice concentration product alone. This paper describes the technique used to create the blended sea ice concentration product and the significant improvements in ice edge forecasting in both of the Navy's sea ice forecasting systems.

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This study presents the improvement in the US Navy's operational sea ice forecast systems gained by assimilating high horizontal resolution satellite-derived ice concentration products. A method of blending ice concentration observations from AMSR2 along with a sea ice mask has been developed, resulting in an ice concentration product with high spatial resolution. A significant improvement in the ice edge location has been shown in the operational system assimilating this new product.
This study presents the improvement in the US Navy's operational sea ice forecast systems gained...
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