Basin-3, NE-Svalbard, was still surging with 10 m d-1
in July 2016. After a speed peak of 18.8 m d-1
in Dec 2012/Jan 2013, speed-ups are overlying the fast flow every summer. The glacier is massively calving icebergs (5.2 Gt yr-1
~ 2 L drinking water for every human being daily!) which in the same order of magnitude as all other Svalbard glaciers together.
Since autumn 2015 also Basin-2 is surging with maximum velocities of 8.7 m d-1
, an advance of more than 2 km and a mass loss of 0.7 Gt yr-1