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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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TC cover
Co-editors-in-chief: Chris Derksen, Olaf Eisen, Christian Haas, Christian Hauck, Nanna Bjørnholt Karlsson & Thomas Mölg

The Cryosphere (TC) is a not-for-profit international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and discussion of research articles, short communications, and review papers on all aspects of frozen water and ground on Earth and on other planetary bodies.

The main subject areas are ice sheets and glaciers, planetary ice bodies, permafrost, river and lake ice, seasonal snow cover, sea ice, remote sensing, numerical modelling, in situ and laboratory studies of the above and including studies of the interaction of the cryosphere with the rest of the climate system.

News
13 Jan 2021 Spectral characterization, radiative forcing and pigment content of coastal Antarctic snow algae: approaches to spectrally discriminate red and green communities and their impact on snowmelt

The authors present radiative forcing (RF) estimates by snow algae in the Antarctic Peninsula (AP) region from multi-year measurements of solar radiation and ground-based hyperspectral characterization of red and green snow algae collected during a brief field expedition in austral summer 2018.

13 Jan 2021 Spectral characterization, radiative forcing and pigment content of coastal Antarctic snow algae: approaches to spectrally discriminate red and green communities and their impact on snowmelt

The authors present radiative forcing (RF) estimates by snow algae in the Antarctic Peninsula (AP) region from multi-year measurements of solar radiation and ground-based hyperspectral characterization of red and green snow algae collected during a brief field expedition in austral summer 2018.

02 Dec 2020 Mapping the age of ice of Gauligletscher combining surface radionuclide contamination and ice flow modeling

In this paper the authors show that plutonium is an effective tracer to identify ice originating from the early 1960s at the surface of a mountain glacier after a long time within the ice flow, giving unique information on the long-term former ice motion. Combined with ice flow modelling, the dating can be extended to the entire glacier, and the authors show that an airplane which crash-landed on the Gauligletscher in 1946 will likely soon be released from the ice close to the place where pieces have emerged in recent years.

02 Dec 2020 Mapping the age of ice of Gauligletscher combining surface radionuclide contamination and ice flow modeling

In this paper the authors show that plutonium is an effective tracer to identify ice originating from the early 1960s at the surface of a mountain glacier after a long time within the ice flow, giving unique information on the long-term former ice motion. Combined with ice flow modelling, the dating can be extended to the entire glacier, and the authors show that an airplane which crash-landed on the Gauligletscher in 1946 will likely soon be released from the ice close to the place where pieces have emerged in recent years.

01 Dec 2020 The catastrophic thermokarst lake drainage events of 2018 in northwestern Alaska: fast-forward into the future

In summer 2018, northwestern Alaska was affected by widespread lake drainage which strongly exceeded previous observations. The authors of this paper analyzed the spatial and temporal patterns with remote sensing observations, weather data and lake-ice simulations. The preceding fall and winter season was the second warmest and wettest on record, causing the destabilization of permafrost and elevated water levels which likely led to widespread and rapid lake drainage during or right after ice breakup.

01 Dec 2020 The catastrophic thermokarst lake drainage events of 2018 in northwestern Alaska: fast-forward into the future

In summer 2018, northwestern Alaska was affected by widespread lake drainage which strongly exceeded previous observations. The authors of this paper analyzed the spatial and temporal patterns with remote sensing observations, weather data and lake-ice simulations. The preceding fall and winter season was the second warmest and wettest on record, causing the destabilization of permafrost and elevated water levels which likely led to widespread and rapid lake drainage during or right after ice breakup.

Recent papers
22 Jan 2021
Full crystallographic orientation (c and a axes) of warm, coarse-grained ice in a shear-dominated setting: a case study, Storglaciären, Sweden
Morgan E. Monz, Peter J. Hudleston, David J. Prior, Zachary Michels, Sheng Fan, Marianne Negrini, Pat J. Langhorne, and Chao Qi
The Cryosphere, 15, 303–324, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-303-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-303-2021, 2021
Short summary
22 Jan 2021
Geographic variation and temporal trends in ice phenology in Norwegian lakes over a century
Jan Henning L’Abée-Lund, Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad, John Edward Brittain, Ånund Sigurd Kvambekk, and Tord Solvang
The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-374,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-374, 2021
Preprint under review for TC (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
22 Jan 2021
Implementation of dynamic snow density within GlobSnow snow water equivalent retrieval methodology
Pinja Venäläinen, Kari Luojus, Juha Lemmetyinen, Jouni Pulliainen, Mikko Moisander, and Matias Takala
The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-15,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-15, 2021
Preprint under review for TC (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
21 Jan 2021
A local model of snow-firn dynamics and application to Colle Gnifetti site
Fabiola Banfi and Carlo De Michele
The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-357,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-357, 2021
Preprint under review for TC (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
21 Jan 2021
Firn changes at Colle Gnifetti revealed with a high-resolution process-based physical model approach
Enrico Mattea, Horst Machguth, Marlene Kronenberg, Ward van Pelt, Manuela Bassi, and Martin Hoelzle
The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-367,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-367, 2021
Preprint under review for TC (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
Highlight articles
18 Dec 2020
Brief communication: Heterogenous thinning and subglacial lake activity on Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica
Andrew O. Hoffman, Knut Christianson, Daniel Shapero, Benjamin E. Smith, and Ian Joughin
The Cryosphere, 14, 4603–4609, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4603-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4603-2020, 2020
Short summary
04 Dec 2020
The Antarctic sea ice cover from ICESat-2 and CryoSat-2: freeboard, snow depth, and ice thickness
Sahra Kacimi and Ron Kwok
The Cryosphere, 14, 4453–4474, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4453-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4453-2020, 2020
Short summary
01 Dec 2020
The catastrophic thermokarst lake drainage events of 2018 in northwestern Alaska: fast-forward into the future
Ingmar Nitze, Sarah W. Cooley, Claude R. Duguay, Benjamin M. Jones, and Guido Grosse
The Cryosphere, 14, 4279–4297, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4279-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4279-2020, 2020
Short summary
19 Nov 2020
Distinguishing the impacts of ozone and ozone-depleting substances on the recent increase in Antarctic surface mass balance
Rei Chemke, Michael Previdi, Mark R. England, and Lorenzo M. Polvani
The Cryosphere, 14, 4135–4144, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4135-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4135-2020, 2020
Short summary
10 Nov 2020
Review article: Geothermal heat flow in Antarctica: current and future directions
Alex Burton-Johnson, Ricarda Dziadek, and Carlos Martin
The Cryosphere, 14, 3843–3873, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3843-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3843-2020, 2020
Short summary
Publications Copernicus