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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 4
The Cryosphere, 10, 1605–1629, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-1605-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 10, 1605–1629, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-1605-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 26 Jul 2016

Research article | 26 Jul 2016

Wave climate in the Arctic 1992–2014: seasonality and trends

Justin E. Stopa et al.
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Anderson, J. D., Wu, C. H., and Schwab, D. J.: Wave climatology in the Apostle Islands, Lake Superior, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 120, 4869–4890, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014jc010278, 2015.
Ardhuin, F., Herbers, T. H. C., Jessen, P. F., and OReilly, W. C.: Swell transformation across the continental shelf. part II: validation of a spectral energy balance equation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 1940–1953, 2003.
Ardhuin, F., Rogers, E., Babanin, A. V., Filipot, J.-F., Magne, R., Roland, A., van der Westhuysen, A., Queffeulou, P., Lefevre, J.-M., Aouf, L., and Collard, F.: Semiempirical Dissipation Source Functions for Ocean Waves. Part I: Definition, Calibration, and Validation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 1917–1941, https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jpo4324.1, 2010.
Ardhuin, F., Collard, F., Chapron, B., Girard-Ardhuin, F., Guitton, G., Mouche, A., and Stopa, J. E.: Estimates of ocean wave heights and attenuation in sea ice using the sar wave mode on sentinel1-A, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 2014GL062940, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062940, 2015.
Cavalieri, D. J. and Parkinson, C. L.: Arctic sea ice variability and trends, 1979–2010, The Cryosphere, 6, 881–889, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-6-881-2012, 2012.
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Satellite observations show the Arctic sea ice has decreased the last 30 years. From our wave model hindcast and satellite altimeter datasets we observe profound increasing wave heights, which are caused by the loss of sea ice and not the driving winds. If ice-free conditions persist later into fall, then regions like the Beaufort–Chukchi Sea will be prone to developing larger waves since the driving winds are strong this time of year.
Satellite observations show the Arctic sea ice has decreased the last 30 years. From our wave...
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