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Volume 10, issue 1
The Cryosphere, 10, 271–285, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-271-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 10, 271–285, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-271-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 03 Feb 2016

Research article | 03 Feb 2016

The modelled surface mass balance of the Antarctic Peninsula at 5.5 km horizontal resolution

J. M. van Wessem et al.
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Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., and Arrowsmith, C.: Environmental signals in a highly resolved ice core from James Ross Island, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 116, 1–15, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016147, 2011.
Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., Wolff, E. W., Triest, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Trusel, L. D., Vimeux, F., Fleet, L., and Arrowsmith, C.: Acceleration of snow melt in an Antarctic Peninsula ice core during the twentieth century, Nat. Geosci., 6, 404–411, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1787, 2013.
Arthern, R. J., Vaughan, D. G., Rankin, A. M., Mulvaney, R., and Thomas, E. R.: In situ measurements of Antarctic snow compaction compared with predictions of models, J. Geophys. Res., 115, F03011, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JF001306, 2010.
Bamber, J. L., Gomez-Dans, J. L., and Griggs, J. A.: A new 1 km digital elevation model of the Antarctic derived from combined satellite radar and laser data – Part 1: Data and methods, The Cryosphere, 3, 101–111, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-3-101-2009, 2009.
Barrand, N. E., Hindmarsh, R. C. A., Arthern, R. J., Williams, C. R., Mouginot, J., Scheuchl, B., Rignot, E., Ligtenberg, S. R. M., Van Den Broeke, M. R., Edwards, T. L., Cook, A. J., and Simonsen, S. B.: Computing the volume response of the Antarctic Peninsula ice sheet to warming scenarios to 2200, J. Glaciol., 59, 397–409, https://doi.org/10.3189/2013JoG12J139, 2013a.
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This study presents the first high-resolution (5.5 km) modelled estimate of surface mass balance (SMB) over the period 1979–2014 for the Antarctic Peninsula (AP). Precipitation (snowfall and rain) largely determines the SMB, and is exceptionally high over the western mountain slopes, with annual values > 4 m water equivalent. Snowmelt is widespread over the AP, but only runs off into the ocean at some locations: the Larsen B,C, and Wilkins ice shelves, and along the north-western mountains.
This study presents the first high-resolution (5.5 km) modelled estimate of surface mass balance...
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