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TC | Volume 12, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 12, 1013–1026, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1013-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 12, 1013–1026, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1013-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 22 Mar 2018

Research article | 22 Mar 2018

A network model for characterizing brine channels in sea ice

Ross M. Lieblappen et al.
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Cited articles  
Berkowitz, B. and Balberg, I.: Percolation Approach to the Problem of Hydraulic Conductivity in Porous Media, Transport Porous Med., 9, 275–286, 1992. a
Cox, G. F. N. and Weeks, W. F.: Brine Drainage and Initial Salt Entrapment in Sodium Chloride Ice, Tech. Rep. Research Report 345, CRREL, Hanover, NH, 1975. a
Cox, G. F. N. and Weeks, W. F.: Equations for Determining the Gas and Brine Volumes In Sea-Ice Samples, J. Glaciol., 29, 306–316, 1983. a, b
Delerue, J. F., Perrier, E., Timmerman, A., and Swennen, R.: 3D Soil Image Characterization Applied to Hydraulic Properties Computation, in: Applications of X-ray Computed Tomography in the Geosciences, edited by: Mees, F., Swennen, R., Van Geet, M., and Jacobs, P., Geological Society Special Publications, London, 215, 167–175, 2003. a
Dijkstra, E. W.: A Note on Two Problems in Connexion with Graphs, Numerische Mathematik, 1, 269–271, 1959. a
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We imaged first-year sea ice using micro-computed tomography to visualize, capture, and quantify the 3-D complex structure of salt water channels weaving through sea ice. From these data, we then built a mathematical network to better understand the pathways transporting heat, gases, and salts between the ocean and the atmosphere. Powered with this structural knowledge, we can create new modeled brine channels for a given sea ice depth and temperature that accurately mimic field conditions.
We imaged first-year sea ice using micro-computed tomography to visualize, capture, and quantify...
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